France were crowned world champions for the second time with victory over Croatia

Four simple words, used variously as a statement or a question across the country during a baking June and scorching July: "Best World Cup ever?"

The 2018 edition of international football's ultimate gathering was not the most-anticipated tournament in the game's long history, for a variety of reasons, but perhaps that was a good thing.

Because from the moment hosts Russia smashed five goals past Saudi Arabia in the opening game, there was barely any let-up in drama and excitement. The group stage, the knockout stage, even the final - so often a cagey procession to extra time in recent World Cups - delivered what they needed to.

In a football world of plenty, the relative infrequency of World Cups - held only every four years - means the tournament retains a fascination and cultural heft that easily outweighs the now technically superior club game.

There are, it seems, certain obligatory ingredients to a memorable World Cup, so let's see how 2018 really measured up:

There needs to be drama

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Ronaldo scores 'sensational' free-kick to complete hat-trick

Unlike a league season, the World Cup does not have the time for a slow-burning narrative to take shape.

It needs short, sharp hits of drama from the very start. 2018 did not disappoint, with the 3-3 draw between Spain and Portugal on day two immediately, and rightly, adopted as a tournament classic. Cristiano Ronaldo's late free-kick to ensure Portugal took a point capped a day of drama, with winning goals for Uruguay against Egypt in the 89th minute and Iran against Morocco in the 95th.

Overall there were nine winning goals (plus four defeat-avoiding equalisers) scored in the last minute or injury time of games, more than any previous edition of the World Cup and just one fewer than the five tournaments from 1998-2014 combined.

Late goals are the football equivalent of snapping that bit of plastic off an old cassette tape to prevent it being recorded over. They seal in the drama for good.

World Cup Winning goals in 90th minute or later

2018 9

2014 4

1998 3

2006 2

1962 2

2010 1

1990 1

1970 1

We need shocks, but not too many

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Where's Neuer gone? South Korea score second as keeper goes AWOL

The formula for this is delicate.

If too many big sides exit early it can make the conclusion of the tournament a bit underwhelming (see: World Cup 2002) but no-one wants to see all the favourites cruise through to the latter stages untroubled.

As it was, reigning champions Germany going out in the group stage, and then Spain, Argentina and Brazil stumbling in the knockout stage was just about right.

The Germans managed to be both uninspiring and particularly unlucky, their total of 72 shots surpassed by only five teams in the tournament, four of whom played four more games than Joachim Low's team.

At least Manuel Neuer ended the tournament as the only goalkeeper to make two dribbles, including one particularly unsuccessful one in the opposition half against South Korea. Redefining the position indeed.

Previous World Cup wins by semi-finalists

2018 2

2014 10

2010 5

2006 7

2002 7

1998 4

Superstars need to emerge

We went into 2018 wondering which of Ronaldo or Lionel Messi would finally dominate a World Cup.

Ronaldo's hat-trick against Spain was electrifying but also a false dawn, while Messi could not carry a reeling Argentina team who started with a different formation in all four of their games as they searched in vain for a functional combination.

It seems extraordinary, given their club exploits, but neither Ronaldo nor Messi has ever scored in a World Cup knockout match.

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World Cup 2018: The good, the bad, and the Neymar

The baton of superstardom was supposed to pass to Neymar, but despite ending the World Cup with the most shots (26) and the second-most chances created (23) it was the fact he was the second most-fouled player (26 times in five matches - just behind Eden Hazard with 27 in six) that stood out. Yes, the Brazilian was targeted, but his ostentatious horizontal suffering left many with strong feelings of distaste.

Instead, it was France's teenage hero Kylian Mbappe who enjoyed a breakthrough. Two goals against Argentina in the last 16 saw him become the first teenager since Pele to score twice in a World Cup game, and he followed that by becoming the youngest player since Pele to score in a World Cup final.

Pele was good at football, and it very much seems Mbappe might be too.

Player Team Opponent Date of game Years Days

Pele Brazil Sweden 29/06/1958 17 248

Kylian Mbappe France Croatia 15/07/2018 19 207

Carlos Desiderio Peucelle Argentina Uruguay 30/07/1930 21 319

Amarildo Brazil Czechoslovakia 17/06/1962 21 322

Wolfgang Weber Germany England 30/07/1966 22 33

There needs to be a theme to the World Cup

In 1966 it was dogs liberating trophies, in 2014 it was goalline technology and referees spraying foam to mark free-kicks and defensive walls (note how much vanishing spray has become part of the game by the fact no-one deemed it worthy of mention throughout the tournament).

In 1990 we had such a defensively stifling tournament the laws of the game were altered with the outlawing of goalkeepers being able to pick up (most) backpasses.

In 2018 it was all about VAR and although this is not the place to discuss individual incidents across 64 games, we can certainly see the effect it had on the football.

The most obvious is the sheer number of penalties. As the tournament began it was clear that players were not prepared for the scrutiny that VAR would subject them to, with day three featuring five penalties. Three were scored that day, contributing to a record 22 penalty goals in a single World Cup.

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'You like wrestling?' Pundits analyse Harry Kane penalty appeals

It seemed, though, that most players had cottoned on by the latter stages, with no penalties awarded in any of the quarter-finals or semi-finals before possibly the most unsound VAR penalty decision of the tournament in the final, when referee Nestor Pitana eventually penalised Croatia's Ivan Perisic for handball.

A corollary of all these penalties was matches that might have ended goalless did not. The World Cup ended with just one 0-0 draw (the execrable dead rubber between France and Denmark), the lowest number since the 1954 edition - an era when defending was an optional extra - which did not feature a single one.

There was also a phenomenal number of set-piece goals, with 43% of strikes coming in that fashion, the highest proportion in any World Cup from 1966 onwards. In a world where international sides do not necessarily have the time or roster to hone their playing styles like club sides, training-ground manoeuvres have become more vital than ever.

World Cup % set-piece goals

2018 43%

1994 38%

2006 37%

1990 36%

1998 36%

2002 35%

2010 32%

1966 30%

1982 29%

2014 29%

1986 28%

1974 28%

1970 27%

1978 26%

England need to turn up

It had been so long since England had captured the public's imagination at a World Cup that a song from 1996 (Three Lions - released closer to the first broadcast of Fawlty Towers than to now) became the theme of the endless summer.

Football didn't quite come home, but England equalled their best performance in a foreign World Cup and the likes of Maguire, Trippier and Pickford have joined Gascoigne, Waddle and Platt as surnames that will echo down the national consciousness for generations.

Harry Maguire had more than twice as many touches in the opposition penalty area (23) as any other defender in the competition as well as the joint-most headed attempts of any player (nine). Kieran Trippier created more goalscoring chances than any other player (24), finishing ahead of Neymar, Kevin de Bruyne, Luka Modric, Eden Hazard and Philippe Coutinho, in that order. Some company to be keeping.

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World Cup 2018: Harry Kane seals his hat-trick to put England 6-0 up

And let's celebrate Harry Kane, only the second Englishman to win the Golden Boot at the World Cup.

The Tottenham man scored with all six of his shots on target (one an inadvertent clip of his heel against Panama), so certainly had luck on his side, but this is the World Cup where you play a maximum of seven games in a variety of conditions, so luck plays an even bigger role than it usually does.

And anyone who bemoans the fact 50% of Kane's total came from penalties should note that in 1966 four of Eusebio's Golden Boot haul came from spot-kicks, and outside of Helmut Haller's extended family, absolutely no-one has ever complained.

Harry Kane's expected goals tally during the tournament was 3.821 based on the difficulty of his chances and the probability of scoring them. His best chances are shown in this graphic, represented by the size of the circle